Acne Scars

Acne Scars

Conditions Treated at Luminate Derm Spa


What Causes Acne Scars?

Acne scars can be a distressing aftermath of persistent or severe acne. Understanding the causes behind these scars is crucial in developing effective treatment strategies.

Several factors contribute to the development of acne scars, ranging from the type and severity of acne lesions to individual skin characteristics.


One common cause of acne scarring is the inflammation that occurs during an acne breakout.

When our skin experiences a pimple or cyst, it triggers an immune response aimed at repairing the damaged tissue. However, this healing process doesn’t always occur smoothly, leading to excess collagen production or its inadequate formation.

Collagen is an essential protein responsible for maintaining the skin’s structure and elasticity. In cases where too much collagen is produced, hypertrophic or keloid scars may form, characterized by raised and sometimes discolored areas on the skin’s surface.

Depth of Lesions

Another contributing factor to acne scarring is the depth and severity of acne lesions. Deeper lesions such as nodules or cysts tend to cause more significant damage to surrounding tissues, making them more likely to result in permanent scarring.

Picking At Pimples

Additionally, individuals who habitually squeeze or pick at their pimples are also at higher risk as this behavior can worsen inflammation and disrupt normal wound healing processes.

Skin Type

Some people have naturally increased pigmentation levels in their skin called post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). PIH occurs when melanocytes (cells responsible for producing pigment) release excess melanin during inflammation as part of the healing process.

This excessive melanin production can lead to dark spots or discoloration that persist even after active breakouts subside. Furthermore, individuals with certain genetic tendencies may be predisposed to developing more severe forms of scarring compared to others.

For example, those with a family history of keloid or hypertrophic scars are more likely to develop similar types of scarring themselves. It is important for those prone to acne scars to understand the causes behind their development.

Types of Acne Scars

There are several types of acne scars that can manifest on the skin, each with its own unique characteristics.

Ice Pick Scar

These scars appear as small, deep pits in the skin, resembling the marks left by an ice pick. They are usually narrow and have steep edges, giving them a jagged appearance.

Ice pick scars often develop as a result of cystic acne, which causes severe inflammation and damage to the deeper layers of the skin.

Rolling Scars

These scars create a wavy or undulating texture on the skin’s surface, resembling tiny valleys and hills. They occur when fibrous bands form beneath the skin, pulling it downwards and creating an uneven appearance.

Rolling scars can give the skin a dimpled or wave-like texture and are typically caused by long-standing inflammatory acne. Boxcar scars are yet another type of acne scar that appears as shallow depressions with well-defined edges on the skin’s surface.

Boxcar Scars

Boxcar scars are yet another type of acne scar that appears as shallow depressions with well-defined edges on the skin’s surface.

They resemble small craters or indentations and are wider than ice pick scars but less deep. Boxcar scars often result from inflammatory acne that damages collagen fibers in the affected areas, leading to depressed areas on the skin.

Hypertrophic or Keloid Scars

Hypertrophic or keloid scars are raised rather than depressed like other types of acne scarring. These thickened, elevated scars occur when excess collagen is produced during the healing process after severe acne lesions such as nodules or cysts have formed and healed.

Hypertrophic or keloid scarring can be particularly bothersome since they protrude above the level of surrounding healthy skin. There are atrophic macules, which are flat red spots left behind after an inflamed pimple has healed completely.

These marks may persist for weeks to months before gradually fading away over time without any specific treatment intervention. Understanding these different types of acne scars is crucial in determining appropriate treatment methods for each individual case.

While some scars may respond well to topical creams or non-invasive procedures, others may require more aggressive treatments such as laser therapy or surgical intervention. Consulting with a skin care professional is recommended to properly identify the type of acne scars and develop an effective treatment plan tailored to your specific needs.

Acne Scar Treatments in Edmonton

At Luminate Derm Spa, we have several options available to treat acne scars of all shapes and sizes.

Chemical Peels are a popular treatment option for Acne Scars we offer at our spa. These peels involve applying a solution to the skin that causes the top layer to peel off, revealing fresher and smoother skin underneath.

Chemical peels can help reduce the appearance of acne scars by promoting collagen production and improving overall skin texture.

We also offer Laser Skin Rejuvenation. This procedure involves the use of our powerful Inmode Lumecca IPL laser to remove damaged layers of skin, stimulating new collagen growth and reducing the appearance of scars.

Microneedling is another very popular skin treatment for acne scars. This procedure involves using a small device fitted with tiny needles that penetrate the skin’s surface, creating microscopic wounds which stimulate collagen production. Over time, this increased collagen can help improve skin texture and reduce the appearance of acne scars. At Luminate Derm Spa, we use the MicroPen EVO for all microneedling treatments. This device is Health Canada approved, and can be effective at treating acne scars.

Each treatment option offers its own unique benefits and considerations, so treatment plans will be different for every patient. This is why we always advice to get advice from a skin care professional on which approach will be the most effective for you and your unique needs. If you’re interested in treating acne scars in Edmonton, check out our recommended treatments below or book a consultation with us today!

Lumecca IPL

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Chemical Peels

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